VA Home Loans

Are you ready to purchase a home? Are you currently in the military or a veteran? If so, you may qualify for a VA home loan. Veterans Guide provides information, resources, and guidance for those ready to venture into homeownership. The benefits of VA home loans surpass conventional loans, making it easier for the brave men and women of the military to recognize the dream of owning a home.

As a veteran, you have unique opportunities for home financing. The VA home loan program is designed to help you achieve your homeownership dreams. VA home loans help service members, eligible surviving spouses, and veterans buy, repair, or keep homes. 

VA home loans offer several advantages for military members. You can receive favorable qualifying terms, including little or no money down and lower required credit scores.

If you’re interested in a VA home loan, Veterans Guide provides information, resources, and guidance to assist you with the next steps. Buying a home is an exciting time in a person’s life, but make sure you have all the facts and explore your options before making such a big decision. Knowing what to expect and the application process will help you have confidence as you move forward. 

What is a VA Home Loan?

When purchasing a house, most people apply for a conventional loan. A VA home loan is unique. It’s backed by the government and sponsored by the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, which guarantees the loans.

VA home loan limit is not a limit on the loan you can receive but rather a cap on the amount the VA will guarantee to your lender.  Contrary to what some may believe, the Department of Veterans Affairs does not directly lend money to VA Home Loans. Instead, private lenders such as banks, mortgage companies, and credit unions finance the loan while the VA guarantees a portion of the loan amount. 

This guarantee gives lenders the confidence to offer more favorable terms since the VA backs a part of the loan should the borrower default. However, the VA does determine who qualifies. 

Legal Framework for VA Home Loans

Qualified borrowers can use the VA home loan for several purposes. These include the following:

  • Purchasing an existing, move-in-ready home
  • Purchasing a single-family home
  • Purchasing a VA-approved condo or townhouse
  • Purchasing a multi-unit property with up to four units if the borrower resides in one unit full-time
  • Purchasing a mobile or manufactured home
  • Refinancing your home, available with the VA cash-out refinance
Understanding what you can and cannot do with the loan helps avoid disappointments or mistakes.

How to Qualify for a VA Home Loan

Securing a VA home loan involves meeting criteria outlined by the VA, most of which are less stringent than typical loan requirements. The VA will evaluate a veteran’s service requirements, credit score, income, and property type to name a few.

Service Requirements

The VA makes its loans available only to those who meet one of the following criteria:

Credit Score

Your credit score is pivotal in determining your eligibility for a VA home loan. Maintaining a healthy credit score is advisable, as lenders often offer more favorable terms to borrowers with good credit histories. While the VA doesn’t set a minimum credit score, most lenders look for a score of at least 620.

Income Stability

Of course, even with all of the VA’s loan benefits, it’s still necessary to have a stable income. Lenders will scrutinize your debt-to-income ratio, or DTI, which compares your gross monthly income to your monthly debt payments. A lower ratio indicates better financial stability, increasing your chances of approval.

The acceptable DTI ratio is 41 percent

To determine your debt-to-income ratio, calculate the money spent on house maintenance, insurance premiums, educational loans, credit cards, car loans, tax, etc. After that, determine what you earn each month. For example:

In this example, if your monthly debt payments are $2,050 or less, you can qualify for a VA home loan. 

Property Eligibility

VA home loans are designed for primary residences only. Borrowers are expected to occupy the property within 60 days of closing and use it as their primary residence. If the property doesn’t meet this specification, the VA will deny your loan request.

Adhering to these stipulations will smooth out your VA home loan acquisition process while providing you with favorable terms for your dream home. At Veteran’s Guide, you can find information and resources to help you qualify for this loan. 

What is a Certificate of Eligibility?

Veterans must obtain a Certificate of Eligibility, or COE, to prove their eligibility for a VA home loan to lenders. A COE is a document that verifies you meet the VA Home Loan requirements. Acquiring a COE usually requires discharge papers, service records, or a statement of service signed by your personnel officer or unit commander.

You can find the COE, VA Form 26-1880, online through the VA’s website or a VA-approved lender.

Benefits of a VA Home Loan

The VA home loan program, instituted by the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, offers an array of benefits designed to aid veterans in purchasing a home with more ease and fewer restrictions.

Zero Down Payment

One of the standout benefits of a VA home loan is the possibility of financing 100 percent of the home’s value, meaning you can buy a home with no down payment. This is a substantial financial relief, especially if you’re looking to establish roots but haven’t had the chance to build your savings.

No Private Mortgage Insurance

Conventional loan borrowers who cannot make a 20 percent down payment must purchase private mortgage insurance, or PMI, which can drastically increase their monthly payments. VA home loan borrowers are exempt from this requirement. 

The average cost of PMI for conventional loans ranges from 0.46 percent to 1.50 percent of the original loan amount per year. Being exempt from this can help home buyers save tens of thousands of dollars over the life of their loan.


Refinancing with a VA Home Loan offers many advantages for eligible veterans and active-duty service members. Most notably, the VA Interest Rate Reduction Refinance Loan, or IRRRL, facilitates a streamlined process, often with reduced documentation and no appraisal. 

Refinancing with an IRRRL leads to potentially lower interest rates, saving thousands over the loan’s lifespan. Additionally, no out-of-pocket costs and the option to roll fees into the loan make the process financially easier.

Competitive Interest Rates

VA Home Loan rates have historically been favorable compared to conventional mortgage rates.

Are VA Loan Rates Historically Lower?

Yes, VA loan rates have historically been lower than conventional loan rates. On average, VA rates are about 0.25 percent to 0.50 percent lower than conventional rates over the years. While it may not sound like much, this difference can lead to substantial savings over the life of a mortgage.

Why Are VA Rates Almost Identical to Conventional Rates at the Moment?

Several factors have led to the narrowing of the gap between VA and conventional loan rates:

Potential borrowers should note that while rates might be similar, the absence of PMI, more lenient credit requirements, and lack of down payments make VA loans a more appealing option for eligible individuals.

What Is a VA Funding Fee?

The funding fee is a one-time payment on VA Home Loans paid directly to the VA. This fee helps offset the costs to taxpayers by reducing the loan’s overall expense, ensuring the VA Home Loan program remains sustainable for future generations of military veterans.

The funding fee’s cost varies based on several factors:

Generally, it ranges from 1.4 percent to 3.6 percent of the loan amount.

You can pay the funding fee upfront at closing or roll it into the mortgage.

Disability Exemption Qualifications

Veterans receiving disability compensation from the VA for service-related disabilities are exempt from the funding fee. Any percentage of officially recognized service-connected disability would suffice to qualify.

A graphic of a veteran in a wheelchair

Can I Use a VA Loan More Than Once?

Absolutely. Veterans and eligible service members can use the VA Home Loan benefit multiple times. However, certain circumstances and conditions can affect how this process works. However, a few circumstances may affect acquiring a VA home loan multiple times.

First Home vs. Subsequent Homes

Generally, there’s no difference in the interest rates offered for first-time or subsequent uses of the VA Home Loan. However, the funding fee may vary. 

First-time VA loan users typically enjoy a lower funding fee than subsequent users. This fee might be higher if you use the VA loan benefit for the second or third time unless you make a significant down payment.

Selling and Moving to a New Home

If you’ve paid off your first VA loan entirely and have sold the property, you can have your full VA loan entitlement restored to purchase another home with no down payment.

If you retain the first property, perhaps to rent out, and haven’t paid off that VA loan, it might be possible to use your remaining partial entitlement for another purchase. However, depending on the county loan limits and remaining entitlement amount, this might require a down payment.

Home Improvement Loans

If you have an existing VA loan, you can still apply for another VA loan specifically for home improvements, known as the VA Renovation Loan.

This loan allows veterans to finance the purchase and improvement of a home or refinance an existing VA loan to include improvements. The nature and scope of the renovations will be subject to VA approval.

Types of VA Home Loans

The VA has a wide variety of home loans available. Some options include the following:

Each loan serves a different purpose, catering to various needs and preferences. Assess your circumstances to choose the one that aligns perfectly with your home ownership goals.

Applying for a VA Home Loan

To get started with applying for a VA Home Loan, the first step will be to get a Certificate of Eligibility from the VA, which you can apply for via the VA’s website, through your lender, or by mail.

Next, the lender will review your personal information like your income and credit history, to evaluate you as a borrower. If they approve your loan, then they will work with you to complete the necessary steps to finalize the purchase and move into your new home.

Are you ready to start your journey to homeownership with a VA home loan? Our experts are here to guide you every step of the way. Contact us for personalized assistance today.

A graphic of a hand touching a house